Romans Project Week #4

Sean Duncan speaking on Romans 6:20-23. He gave a recap of what we have covered so far and provided an overview of the argument Paul build out in chapter 6 that leads up to this passage. In Romans 6:20-23, we talked about how knowing that Christ has died for us should make us want to live for him.

1. God gets glory through his promise to ungodly people 2. God’s glory is displayed on the cross/justi cation
3. Hope is the receipt of our justi caiton/suffering

Romans 6
Paul responds to a common question that some come to after hearing all that paul has said up to this point.
So let’s recap what we have learned from romans up to this point
God is faithful to his promise to faithless people

And that actually, God gets glory through his promise to ungodly people because of his perfect faithfulness and fulfillment of his promise

God perfectly fulfilled his promise through Christ coming and dying on a cross
Romans 3 tells us All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, but that all can be seen as right with God through the gift of grace through faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.

Jesus lives a perfect life, and through faith gives you his perfect image, while he bears the punishment and the wrath of God upon himself on the cross and in that moment God is both Just and the Justifier .

We see God’s glory displayed on the cross when Christ secures a way for our justification.

Last week we saw that we have a receipt for our justification, and that is hope.
We hope in the things that are to come that Christ has secured for us and because of this we can endure hardship

Finishing the chapter we see that

  • –  Condemnation enters through one sin of one man and leads to destruction of all
  • –  Justification enters through the righteous act of one man that leads to life for allWhich now leads us to Romans 6 where paul is addressing a question that he was likely being ask, i’ve been asked, and potentially you have been asked as well.
    “If i’m justified by grace alone and my works have nothing to do with it, then why can’t I profess faith in Jesus and keep living in my sin?”

Romans 6:1-2
“What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound?

By no means! How can we who died to sin still live in it?”

Then Paul continues by explaining part of what professing Jesus as Lord and Savior means we are saying. And how actually one can’t simultaneously be following christ, and living in pursuit of sin.
The two cannot co-exist.

Justifying Faith in Jesus Christ calls for both repentance and profession of Jesus as Lord and Savior.

Faith is defined as: complete trust or confidence in someone or something.
Faith alone receives all the words of God
Faith does not keep the word and the law perfectly but believes the word and the law as perfectly true
To reject that is to reject Christ as the fulfilment of said law.

Romans 2:4
“Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God’s kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?”

God’s grace is meant to humble us of our self-righteousness, our thoughts that we can justify ourselves when only God can.

Repentance is the sincere acknowledgement both of one’s wrong doing, and of greater truth. Repentance is a radical transformation of mind that leads to a radical transformation of life. Repentance is turning away from trying to justify yourself, and trusting God has done what you cannot.

Repentance is turning away from something you thought was good, and turning Jesus whom you now see rightly as the greatest thing to ever be

So justifying faith in Jesus calls for this repentance, but it also calls for profession of Jesus as Lord and Savior.


Romans 10:9-10 says this
“because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved.”

Profession of faith can look like a lot of different things, but at the bare minimum, what do you profess to yourself? What do you proclaim to be true about jesus in your life to yourself.
In your heart, do you say that Jesus is your Lord and Savior?
Do you, at least in your heart, say that Jesus is the Ruler of your life? The King of your every day?

Do you say in your heart, that there is no way you could escape the punishment of sin if it wasn’t for Jesus Christ on the Cross?
It all comes back to the heart.

So paul goes on to state, that how is it that one who claims to repent from their self righteousness and who sees Jesus as Lord and savior.

When you turn from your self righteous attempts of justifying yourself and make Jesus your Lord and Savior
You are saying that Jesus is the greatest thing that is and ever will be, and in fact, you are seeing that because you long for eternity with God. Eternity with Jesus.

When we are Justified we are immediately freed from the punishment of Sin, and we hope in the promise of the Glory of Christ. That one day we will be in the Glory of God. which means we will be Freed from the presence of Sin.

So if our hope is set in no longer being in the presence of sin, and being with christ for eternity, WHY would we willingly seek after exactly what we are trying to escape?!?
And that is what paul flushes out in the first half of chapter 6.

Romans 6:1-2
“What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound?

By no means! How can we who died to sin still live in it?”

Baptism is the statement that we die with christ and are born again with him as a new creation. So why chase after sin? You died to sin, your punishment was paid to sin.

Paul’s argument boils down to this:
Because of what you shall be, therefore you should be. Let me explain.

If in Christ, you will be with him for eternity completely free from the presence of sin. And because that is a future reality that is secured and sealed. It is also a present reality. Pursue what you will be.
Going to hawaii you buy shorts, and flower shirts.
Future king, stealing in a store.

Paul goes on to look at the law. If we are not Justified by the law, why do it at all?
And to add on to what he already as said,
Look what he says in verse 16
“ you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, which leads to righteousness?”

Now before we go any further, This word ‘slaves’ is a loaded term especially with our national history and the word carries a lot of hurt along with that. And paul even acknowledges this, he says in 19 that he is speaking in human terms because of our natural limitations to help us understand. Every metaphor or analogy falls about somewhere. And I don’t want you to think that the only relationship we have with God is that of Slave and Slave owner.

Later in Romans it calls us children, heirs, etc.
John 15:15 “No longer do I call you slaves, for the slave does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I have heard from My Father I have made known to you.” So there are some aspects of slavery that we should apply to our relationship to God and some that we should not. And there are some aspects of friendship that we should apply and some we should not. We judge from the context what aspect of an image we are to focus on.

But there’s two ways we should see this word as we approach this passage. A slave is obedient to their master.

But there’s two ways we should see this word as we approach this passage. A slave is obedient to their master.

A slave is obedient to their master [Obedient]
A slave is legal property of another [Owned]


But before we dive into the end of the text, look at 16 again.

“You are slaves of the one whom you obey”
You are the one who gives both your obedience and ownership of yourself away. And it is either to Christ, or it’s not.

20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.

For when you were obedient to sin, righteousness did not have ownership of you.

21 But what fruit were you getting at that time from the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death.

What does that mean? What fruit were you getting.
That word fruit, it means here “benefit” So what benefit were you getting from being obedient to sin?

Have you ever done something that’s completely pointless?

Take it a step further, doing those things actually causes spiritual death. Complete separation from God for all of eternity

Even the image of fruit.

22 But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves of God, the fruit you get leads to sanctification and its end, eternal life.

Set free from the ownership of sin, become owned by God.
Set free from the punishment of Sin, promised to be set free from the presence of Sin

The benefit you get from obedience to God is sanctification

Sanctification – set apart with purpose, process of becoming holy, becoming more like christ, being freed from power of sin.

The benefit of obedience to God lasts for eternity and will always be seen Handprint in cement.
Building a stone castle

23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

The cost, or the penalty, or the price of Sin is Death. Spiritual death
Christ paid the price of Sin so that you could be with him for eternity
The beautiful news is we can start living and walking with him now.
And if we want to spend eternity with him it follows that we should also want to spend now with him.

this chapter teaches why the faith that alone justifies, is never alone, but always brings a holiness of life with it. Or another way to say it would be that even though justifying faith does not produce perfection in this age, it always produces a new direction in this age. It dethrones sin, enthrones God, and makes war on sin in our own hearts and bodies.

Christ died for you, so you could live for him Christ paid the price of sin with his death freeing you from the chains of sin
Christ paid for you to have eternal life

What are you going to do with the life he bought? Christ died for you, so you could live for him

You will always do what your will see’s as more desirable.
You must do what your will see’s as most desirable. It is either sin, or God.

Knowing that the day is coming when we will be removed from the presence of sin for eternity (glorification), how then can we look at the one thing we were trying to escape, the thing that was killing us, and say, let’s celebrate it by doing it? To chose that of sin is to say that it is better than God! More pleasurable, more comforting, more identifying, safer, better community. To chose sin because “grace covers it” displays that you aren’t actually repentant of the sin in the first place.

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