Week 3: Who is the Holy Spirit?

Recap: God is Elohim, God is just—He takes all our sins and looks down at His Son who paid the penalty for our sin—we couldn’t be God’s children before. People living outside of Christ are living as illegitimate children; only through Christ crucified can we call God, the perfect and just God, “Abba” Father. Only through Jesus paying the ultimate sacrifice are we able to be God’s children. Jesus came down and was the perfect reflection of God—he was obedient on behalf of a people who were inherently disobedient. Jesus has been revealing himself for all of time. And he came in the flesh and revealed himself. Now we see that Jesus is going to come down and reveal himself in a different way…

Acts 2:1-13

God is not a random God; there is purpose and a plan for everything and if you believe that, then you know he has a purpose and a plan for you, too.

Here we see the Jews celebrating the Passover, a day of celebration remembering when the angel of death came over every household in Egypt, but spared those who had the blood of the lamb covering their door posts. If the blood was not there, the first born’s life was taken.

-the Jewish people went out and told everyone of what was about to take place, but people still didn’t listen.

-Jesus is our Passover lamb—he shed his blood so we could live and be spared from death.

-we ought to celebrate the gospel in the way that the Jews celebrated the Passover. We need to remember, we need to celebrate, we need to preach the gospel to ourselves.

Before sin, God wanted to call us sons and daughters, but our relationship was fractured by our sin.

In the time of the Jews, the temple was the place where the people could come and dwell—the only place where they could be in the presence of God.

-but the Babylonians destroyed it

-then it was rebuilt, and the people began to weep, because they had not heard the voice of the LORD in a long time.

-they soon forgot, because they forgot to remember God, and the temple was destroyed again.

Penecost: here the Spirit comes down again and he fills the room, just like he did in the temple before. But then, he fills the people.

-God was no longer a destination, but was along for the ride the entire way.

-the Spirit came into the room, but he didn’t fill everyone—He filled the people who professed the Son as LORD; he filled those who knew Christ.

-God longs for all to be his children, but he will only fill those who know him and those whom he knows.

-And he is faithful to forgive me of all my sin and cleanse me from all my unrighteousness—we are clothed in Christ. Because of that, the Spirit can dwell inside us.

We can only reflect God if his spirit dwells in us.

You can be one with God as Christ is one with God, because of his Spirit dwelling inside of you.

He breathes life into us.

Acts 2:2—the Spirit comes like a mighty rushing wind.

John 3:1-8

-miracles are not a sign of people having the Spirit—people casted out demons and performed miracles without having the spirit, and Jesus told them, “I never knew you”.

-emphasizing miracles minimizes the cross; it is the cross and our God-given belief in its sufficiency that enables us to be filled with the Spirit. There is no prerequisite to earn the Spirit by miracles.

If you are in Christ, the Spirit is in you.

Sometimes people receive the Spirit and their lives actually get harder.

-Paul and Silas were put in prison because they believed and followed Christ. But the Spirit led them to share the gospel there.

The Spirit both leads and guides us.

-these two things are different: leading=pulling; guiding=showing the way step by step.

-he both compels us and enlightens us.

The Spirit prays for us when we are at a loss for words.

The people started speaking in tongues which made sense to the people outside of the house.

-God speaks uniquely to each and every person

The Spirit convicts—He shows us what is right and what is wrong; he calls our consciences to attention, he calls us to wake up.

Acts 16:6-10

-The Spirit shows us the difference between goodness and godliness.

-what seems to be good isn’t always godly. And it is the Spirit who shows us this.

-we get caught up in things that seem like good things to do, but the Spirit is calling us toward the godly things. Are you listening to him?

The Spirit is pulling out hearts back to himself.

Paul says, “I’m done fighting the Spirit. Not my will LORD, but yours.” Are we choosing the same thing? The choice is yours—what will it be?

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